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Machinery Directive
The Machinery Directive was created to harmonize the requirements

of Machinery Safety in the European Community, moving from

many individual country requirements to one set of requirements for

the entire European Union. For a manufacturer to sell their machinery

in the EU, the CE Mark must be applied to demonstrate the machinery

has passed certain requirements based upon the nature and use of the

What exactly is the Machinery Directive? By definition, the Machinery

Directive (98/37/EC) applies to machinery, moving machines, machine

installations, and machines for lifting and transporting people as well as

safety components. The specified essential health and safety requirements

(EHSR) of this directive cover the entire scope of mechanical engineering

and are a vital aspect of the industrial community.
The Machinery Directive applies to:

An assembly of linked parts or components

At least one movable part

Actuators, controls and power circuits

Processing, treatment, moving or packaging a material

Several machines acting in combination

Interchangeable equipment

Dangers not covered by the Low Voltage Directive

Not covered elsewhere by a specific Community Directive

To learn more about the Machinery Directive, join us for one of our online

training webinars. For more information on the new Machinery Directive

2006/42/EC and other machinery safety topics, visit our White Papers page.

Hazard & Risk Analysis:
The Machinery Directive requires a hazard analysis / risk assessment

to be completed for all products falling under its scope.
The hazard analysis / risk assessment is outlined in the European Norm

standard, EN 1050. The purpose of this standard is to provide guidance

for the safety of machinery and the type of documentation required in verifying

a risk assessment. In addition, EN 1050 also describes procedures for

identifying hazards, estimating and evaluating risk.
Risk assessment is a series of logical steps in conducting the examination

of the hazards associated with machinery. Risk assessment is followed,

whenever necessary, by risk reduction.

Risk assessment includes risk analysis
(a) determination of the limits of the machinery
(b) hazard identification
(c) risk estimation and risk evaluation.

And risk evaluation.

Risk analysis provides information required for the risk evaluation, which

allows an evaluation to be made on the safety of machinery.

The Machinery Directive does outline that a Notified Body

(EUT Product Service) must perform an EC type examination for

Annex IV machines and safety components. This list is finite which includes:

Circular Saws: sawing machines

Hand-fed surface planing machines for woodworking

Thicknessers for one-side dressing

Band saws

Combined wood working machines

Hand-fed tenoning machines

Hand-fed vertical spindle molding machines

Portable chain saws

Presses: including press breaks for cold working of metals

Injection or compression machines for plastics or rubber molding

Machinery for underground work: machinery on rails, hydraulic-powered

roof supports, or internal combustion engines

Manually-loaded trucks for collection of household refuge incorporating

compression mechanisms

Guards and detachable transmission shafts with universal joints

Vehicles servicing lifts

Devices for lifting of persons involving a risk of falling more than three meters

Machines for the manufacturer of pyrotechnics

Safety Components:

Electro-sensitive devices: non-material barriers, sensor mats, electromagnetic

detectors, light curtains, etc.

Two hand controls

Automatic movable screens

Roll-over protection structures (ROPS)

Falling-object protective structures (FOPS)