RoHS and WEEE Compliance
The 2002/95/EC Directive on the Restriction of the use of
Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment
(the RoHS Directive) takes effect on July 1, 2006. Products
sold in European markets after the effective date will not be
allowed to contain certain levels of mercury, cadmium, haxavalent
chromium, polybrominated biphenyls, or lead, including lead solders.
The 2002/96/EC Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic
Equipment (the WEEE Directive) takes effect on August 13, 2005.
After this date, new equipment placed on the market within
Europe must comply with the requirements of the WEEE directive
which aim to ensure that products can be easily broken down, or
recycled at the end of the life cycle. For example instructions on how
to recycle batteries from a cell phone or glass from a television screen.
Intertek offers a full range of RoHS compliance and WEEE compliance
services, including Documentation Reviews, Bill of Materials/Product
Analysis, Materials Screening, Full Verification Testing, and Training
on the requirements of each directive.
Intertek's fast turnaround on all RoHS Directive projects allows you
to quickly and accurately verify the compliance of your products.
RoHS Compliance and WEEE Compliance Information Center
With millions of electrical and electronic products being introduced
to the market each year, concern has continued to grow regarding the
environmental impact of these products. Manufacturers, private-label
branders, and importers and exporters will soon be required by regulatory
bodies to minimize the threat their products present to the environment
and to human health and safety.
Based on the need to limit a product¡¯s environmental impact, the European
Parliament published in the official journal two complementary directives
(RoHS & WEEE) on ecology preservation:
The 2002/95/EC Directive on the Restriction of the use of Hazardous Substances
in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (the RoHS Directive);
The 2002/96/EC Directive on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment
(the WEEE Directive).
What products are affected?
It is essential to know how RoHS compliance and WEEE compliance
will affect you. The introduction of these directives now puts stringent
requirements on almost all consumer and commercial electrical and
electronic products sold in Europe, including:
Large household appliances - Refrigerators, freezers, cookers, washing
machines, tumble dryers etc.
Small household appliances - Vacuum cleaners, toasters, coffee makers,
hair dryers, clocks, watches, scales etc.
IT & telecom equipment - Computers, printers, scanners, calculators,
fax machines, phones, mobile phones etc.
Consumer electronics - Televisions, radios, video recorders, DVD players,
Lighting - Non-household fluorescent lamps, discharge lamps etc.
Electrical & electronic tools - Drills, saws, lawn mowers, hedge trimmers
, leaf blowers, spraying equipment, riveting, nailing and screwing tools etc.
Toys, leisure & sports equipment - Electric trains, car racing sets, hand-held
video game consoles, video games, computers for biking, diving, running,
rowing, coin slot machines, and sports equipment with electric or electronic
Medical devices* - Products used for detecting, preventing, monitoring
or alleviating illness, injury or disability.
Monitor & control instruments* - Smoke detectors, thermostats, measuring,
weighing or adjusting appliances for household or laboratory use and
industrial monitoring and control instruments. Automatic dispensers ¨C
Dispensers automatically delivering goods, such as drinks, confectionary,
*Medical devices and monitor & control instruments are exempt from
the RoHS Directive.
The only product types not affected are large scale, stationary industrial
tools or equipment, filament light bulbs and household luminaires.
What are the specific requirements of the RoHS Directive and WEEE Directive?
The RoHS Directive bans the use of certain restricted substances in end
products, which prevents the substances from entering waste streams. According
to the directive, new electrical equipment placed on the market within Europe
cannot contain more than maximum allowable levels of:
Polybrominated bipenyl (PBB)
Polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE)
Certain brominated flame-retardants (BFR¡¯S)
Among the RoHS Directive's largest impacts to manufacturers is the
transition from the use of lead solders to lead-free solders. It is
crucial that manufacturers understand how RoHS compliance and WEEE
compliance will affect you as well as the impact that this change could
have on product design and overall product performance.
The WEEE Directive covers the waste management of electrical
and electronic products and requires that new equipment placed on
the market within Europe must comply with the collection,
treatment, recycling and recovery requirements of the directive.
These requirements aim to ensure that products can be easily
broken down, reused or recycled at the end of the life cycle.
Once we have reviewed your Bill of Materials and/or product
samples we will work with you to develop a test plan specific
to your product requirements. Whether it¡¯s Documentation Review,
Materials Screening, or Full Verification Testing we will quickly conduct
the appropriate analysis or testing to ensure you are meeting the
requirements of each directive.
Our experience and industry expertise allows us to provide fast
turnaround on all RoHS Directive projects. Taking advantage of
EUT's RoHS testing and WEEE testing services will provide
you with quick and accurate verification of your product
compliance. If non-compliances are identified we will work
with you to recommend the appropriate next steps to ensure you
are in full compliance by the effective dates of each directi
Nickel Release Directive(94/27/EC)
What is Nickel Release Directive,?
European Community (EC) has published in 1994, which
restrict the content of nickel in products intended in contact
with the skin. For example, necklaces, bracelets, ear rings,
watch straps, rivet button, etc. The directive restricts the use
of nickel in products intended in direct and prolonged contact
with the skin on the basis that such products may cause to allergic
reactions. The limit for the rate of nickel released must be less than
0.5¦Ìg /cm2/week. For piercing units, earrings, for instance, the total
nickel content must be less than 0.05%
New Test Method
On 1999July 20, the EC published a new test method which
covers reference test methods for the determination of total nickel
content (EN 1810:1999); the release of nickel from products
without coating and intended in direct and prolonged contact with the
skin (EN 1811:1999); and wear and corrosion test for the detection
of nickel release from products with coating (EN 12472:1999). All
member states have banned the manufacture and import of products
not conforming with the Directive from 2000 July 20.
Nickel Release Directive
Title of the standards
Year of the ratification
Reference test method for the determination of total nickel content by flame atomic absorption spectrometry
Reference test method for the release of nickel from products without coating intended in direct and prolonged contact with the skin
Method for the simulation of wear and corrosion for the detection of nickel released from coated items
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) Testing of Leather
Pentachlorophenol (PCP) has long been used as a fungicide in
consumer articles made of leather. Over the past 10 years, a close
relationship has been found between the use of preservatives containing
Pentachlorophenol and the health of their users. The symptoms include
headaches, abdominal pains, vomiting and damage to the
central nervous system.
German Safety Standard and Regulation
The German Federal Government has issued a decree which
states the maximum concentration of PCP and its related
substances cannot exceed 5 mg/kg or 5 p.p.m., applies to those
products have been treated with PCP as well as PCP salts and
compounds products. All export products to German market are
required to pass the above test.
Our Testing Lab Facilities
To meet your needs and provide better testing services, we can
provide testing services for the PCP analysis by using
High. Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) technique.
Chemical testing / Hazardous material testing
Commodities such as toys or childcare products, clothes or
blankets, watches or ear rings, furniture or room decoration
materials, cooking devices or food contact materials, are in such
close contact to each of us, that product safety and quality become
a constant concern of the public and consumers. Along with the
effort of the manufacturers to reduce the product liability risk,
EUT Testing provides diversified services of commodity testing.
Toys approval for European and North American market
EU Toys Safety Directive 88/378/EEC
US consumer safety specification on toy safety ASTM F963-96a
Canadian Hazardous Products (Toys) Regulations Safe material for food devices
German Food and Commodities Law, LMBG ¡ì 30 & 31
EU directives 90/128/EEC series
Code of Federal Regulation USA CFR 177
Reduced hazardous materials in textiles and leather
Phosphoric organic substances Organotin compounds Azo dyes / Allergizing dyes
ko-Tex Standard 100
Chemical testing for electrical products
Ozone test according to EN 60335-2-65
Formaldehyde test of home appliances for heating
LMBG ¡ì 30 & 31 test of electrical products with contact to food
Flame retardants and heavy metals
Heavy metals for batteries
Chemical testing for environmental concern
Total cadmium content for 91/338/EEC and Netherlands
Cadmium Decree, 1999
Heavy metals test of packaging waste Test service of Eco label
for chemcial product , e.g. paint ,